Croton alabamensis plant

Family – Euphorbiaceae

Croton alabamensis bark

Bark of mature shrub.



Adaxial surface of leaf.


Abaxial surface of leaf.



Staminate inflorescence.



Pistillate flower.

Croton alabamensis staminate flowers

Staminate flower…

Croton alabamensis staminate flowers

…side view.

Flowering – February – April.

Habitat – Thin soils of river bluffs of shale and limestone.

Origin – Native to North America (endemic to Alabama).

Other information – This shrubby endemic species can be found growing wild in just a few Alabama counties. The plant can reach a height +3m and typically has many stems from the base. This is an easy species to identify becasue of its lepidote scale-covered leaves and flowers. Staminate and pistillate flowers are produced on different plants.

The genus name Croton is the Greek word for the Castor Oil Plant (genus Ricinus) which is in the same family as this plant. The name means “a tick” referring to the seeds of the plant which resemble ticks.

Alabama Distribution


Photographs taken at Bibb County Glades, 3-5-05.

See more plants of Alabama here.

Ben McInerney
Author: Ben McInerney - Ben is a qualified arborist with 15 plus years of industry experience in Arboriculture. He ran a successful tree service before turning to writing and publishing. Ben is dedicated to providing users with the most accurate up-to-date information on everything trees.